13 May 2013
(Mansyur Bennu, Widyaiswara LPMP Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan)
Research needs data collection. In collecting data, researchers utilize some techniques, e.g. questionnaire, observation, and interview. This paper focuses on interview technique, particularly in survey research.
This paper is divided into several sections. Section 1 presents the roles and the training of interviewer. This section also clearly describes the differences between ordinary conversation and the survey interview. Section 2 focuses on some stages suggested to be followed in interviewing. For this purpose, two ways of staging the process of interviewing are referred: Neuman (2000) and Legard (2003). Six categories of interview bias presented in section 3. Cultural meanings and survey interviews are discussed in section 4. Finally, section 5 offers the so called CATI (Computer-Assisted Telephone Interviewing). It is one way of collecting data by interviewing respondents via computer-assisted telephone.